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Using the "truss" command in Solaris

by Jeff Hunter, Sr. Database Administrator

Using truss

Truss is used to trace the system/library calls (not user calls) and signals made/received by a new or existing process. It sends the output to stderr.

NOTE: Trussing a process throttles that process to your display speed. Use -wall and -rall sparingly.
Truss usage

    truss  -a  -e  -f  -rall  -wall  -p  
    truss  -a  -e  -f  -rall  -wall  

    -a        Show arguments passed to the exec system calls
    -e        Show environment variables passed to the exec system calls
    -f        Show forked processes 
                (they will have a different pid: in column 1)
    -rall     Show all read data (default is 32 bytes)
    -wall     Show all written data (default is 32 bytes)
    -p        Hook to an existing process (must be owner or root)
    <program> Specify a program to run
  
Truss examples
  # truss -rall -wall -f -p <PID>
  # truss -rall -wall lsnrctl start
  # truss -aef lsnrctl dbsnmp_start
  
A Running Example (using the date command)
  # truss -d date

Base time stamp:  1066157908.5731  [ Tue Oct 14 14:58:28 EDT 2003 ]
 0.0000 execve("/usr/bin/date", 0xFFBEF29C, 0xFFBEF2A4)  argc = 1
 0.0449 mmap(0x00000000, 8192, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE|PROT_EXEC,MAP_PRIVATE|MAP_ANON, -1, 0) = 0xFF3A0000
 0.0453 resolvepath("/usr/lib/ld.so.1", "/usr/lib/ld.so.1", 1023) = 16
 0.0457 open("/var/ld/ld.config", O_RDONLY)             Err#2 ENOENT
 0.0460 open("/usr/lib/libc.so.1", O_RDONLY)            = 3
 0.0463 fstat(3, 0xFFBEE9C4)                            = 0
 0.0464 mmap(0x00000000, 8192, PROT_READ|PROT_EXEC, MAP_PRIVATE, 3, 0) = 0xFF390000
 0.0466 mmap(0x00000000, 794624, PROT_READ|PROT_EXEC, MAP_PRIVATE, 3, 0) = 0xFF280000
 0.0470 mmap(0xFF33A000, 24652, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE|PROT_EXEC,MAP_PRIVATE|MAP_FIXED, 3, 696320) = 0xFF33A000
 0.0474 munmap(0xFF32A000, 65536)                       = 0
 0.0479 memcntl(0xFF280000, 113332, MC_ADVISE, MADV_WILLNEED, 0, 0) = 0
 0.0481 close(3)                                        = 0
 0.0483 open("/usr/lib/libdl.so.1", O_RDONLY)           = 3
 0.0485 fstat(3, 0xFFBEE9C4)                            = 0
 0.0487 mmap(0xFF390000, 8192, PROT_READ|PROT_EXEC, MAP_PRIVATE|MAP_FIXED,3, 0) = 0xFF390000
 0.0490 close(3)                                        = 0
 0.0493 open("/usr/platform/SUNW,Ultra-5_10/lib/libc_psr.so.1", O_RDONLY) = 3
 0.0496 fstat(3, 0xFFBEE854)                            = 0
 0.0497 mmap(0x00000000, 8192, PROT_READ|PROT_EXEC, MAP_PRIVATE, 3, 0) = 0xFF380000
 0.0500 mmap(0x00000000, 16384, PROT_READ|PROT_EXEC, MAP_PRIVATE, 3, 0) = 0xFF370000
 0.0502 close(3)                                        = 0
 0.0514 munmap(0xFF380000, 8192)                        = 0
 0.0521 brk(0x00022420)                                 = 0
 0.0523 brk(0x00024420)                                 = 0
 0.0526 time()                                          = 1066157908
 0.0531 open("/usr/share/lib/zoneinfo/US/Eastern", O_RDONLY) = 3
 0.0533 read(3, " T Z i f\0\0\0\0\0\0\0\0".., 8192)     = 1250
 0.0536 close(3)                                        = 0
 0.0542 ioctl(1, TCGETA, 0xFFBEEFDC)                    = 0
Tue Oct 14 14:58:28 EDT 2003
 0.0545 write(1, " T u e   O c t   1 4   1".., 29)      = 29
 0.0547 llseek(0, 0, SEEK_CUR)                          = 1829
 0.0549 _exit(0)
NOTE: The "truss" command works on SUN and Sequent. Use "strace" on Linux. If your operating system doesn't support the truss and strace commands, call your system administrator to find the equivalent command on your system.

Monitor your Unix system:

Unix message files record all system problems like disk errors, swap errors, NFS problems, etc. Monitor the following files on your system to detect system problems:

  # tail -f /var/adm/SYSLOG
  # tail -f /var/adm/messages
  # tail -f /var/log/syslog
  



Last modified on: Saturday, 18-Sep-2010 18:23:44 EDT
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