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Reference: Cisco: Internetworking Basics
In a UNIX file system, the top level is the root. Beneath the root you have numerous files and directories. As mentioned above, LDAP directories are set up in much the same manner.
Underneath your directory's base, you'll want to create containers that logically separate your data. For historical (X.500) reasons, most LDAP directories set these logical separations up as OU entries. OU stands for "Organizational Unit," which in X.500 was used to indicate the functional organization within a company: sales, finance, et cetera. Current LDAP implementations have kept the ou= naming convention, but break things apart by broad categories like ou=people, ou=groups, ou=devices, ... and so on. Lower level OUs are sometimes used to break categories down further. For example, an LDAP directory tree (not including individual entries) might look like this:
Jeffrey Hunter is an Oracle Certified Professional, Java Development Certified Professional, Author, and an Oracle ACE. Jeff currently works as a Senior Database Administrator for The DBA Zone, Inc. located in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. His work includes advanced performance tuning, Java and PL/SQL programming, developing high availability solutions, capacity planning, database security, and physical / logical database design in a UNIX / Linux server environment. Jeff's other interests include mathematical encryption theory, tutoring advanced mathematics, programming language processors (compilers and interpreters) in Java and C, LDAP, writing web-based database administration tools, and of course Linux. He has been a Sr. Database Administrator and Software Engineer for over 20 years and maintains his own website site at: http://www.iDevelopment.info. Jeff graduated from Stanislaus State University in Turlock, California, with a Bachelor's degree in Computer Science and Mathematics.
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